What are the symptoms of leukemia disease? Before answering questions such as varieties, leukemia disease symptoms and treatment methods in children, let’s first explain what is leukemia;
What is Leukemia?
Leukemia (blood cancer), which occurs as a result of stopping the development of the stem cells in the bone marrow due to various reasons and growing out of control, first seizes the bone marrow and then all other organs. Platelet is the spongy tissue bone marrow in which blood cells and lymphocytes are made, such as red blood cells and white blood cells.
These cells (red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and lymphocytes) made in the bone marrow are mixed with the blood after they are made. If leukemia is not treated health leads to serious problems and turns into a progressive disease. Leukemia progresses more slowly if it develops due to the uncontrolled increase of maturing white blood cells. Leukemia if it develops due to the uncontrolled increase of immature white blood cells disease it progresses rapidly and clinical findings appear in 1-2 months.
What are the Types of Leukemia?
According to the course of the disease, there are two types of leukemia (blood cancer), chronic and acute. The type of leukemia, which develops rapidly and has clinical signs and symptoms in a short time, is acute, and the leukemia type that is slow and develops over many years is chronic leukemia. Both types of leukemia are divided into two according to the type of white blood cell.
If the type of white blood cell is myelocyte, it is called myelogenous leukemia, if it is lymphocyte, it is called lymphoblastic leukemia. There are also different types of leukemia, such as juvenitis myelomonocytic leukemia, different types of cell leukemia and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, which are much less common than these types of leukemia.
In children, leukemia mostly occurs in acute myelogen leukemia (AML) and myeloid leukemia. In adults, chronic lymphocytic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia are usually seen.
What are the symptoms of leukemia disease?
1-Night sweats, anorexia, weight loss, febrile infections that cannot be controlled by treatment, bone pain, swelling of the gums, neck and armpit lymph nodes and abdomen, especially acute leukemia disease symptoms between.
2-The most obvious symptoms of leukemia, which is similar to the symptoms in other bone marrow diseases, are weakness, paleness, rapid fatigue and shortness of breath caused by anemia.
3- Infections and infections caused by weakened immune system, teeth, gums and nosebleeds, unexpected bleeding under the skin, bruises and red rash on the skin as much as a pinhead are among the symptoms of leukemia.
What are the Symptoms of Leukemia in Children?
Leukemia accounts for approximately 30% of childhood cancer types. It is more common in children 2-5 years old and 5-10 years old. Newborn babies use immunity from the mother in the first 6-8 months. It regulates its own immune system until the age of 2 after the eighth month.
Leukemia cancer can be triggered if a viral infection occurs during this period. Rickets and vitamin D deficiency at this age play a supportive role in the formation of leukemia. Common symptoms of leukemia in children:
1-Long-term febrile infections.
4-bruises on the body
5-pale skin color
6-Anorexia (related weight loss)
How is leukemia treated?
To be able to treat leukemia, its type must be determined. With a complete blood test, symptoms of cancer in the blood are determined. Leukemia is diagnosed according to the increase in cancer cells called blast in the blood. With a biopsy taken from the bone marrow, it is checked if the cancer cell is holding the bone marrow. It is important to determine the subtype of leukemia in treatment.
The first treatment that comes to mind in leukemia chemotherapyd. Depending on the type of leukemia, the type of drug to be used, the dosage and the route of administration vary. Chemotherapy takes about 24 months. Bone marrow transplantation is performed for patients who cannot be controlled with medicines.